Decisions about what pest management system in corn is the best can be difficult with limited information comparing weed and disease control options.
The objective of this study was to evaluate yield effects of combining DEKALB® brand corn products, weed control, and disease control from Bayer compared to a competitive system.
RESEARCH SITE DETAILS
|Soil Type||Hord silt loam|
- This study was setup in a split-plot design with three replications. The weed and disease control systems were the whole plot, and corn products were the sub-plot.
- The Bayer corn system included three DEKALB® brand corn products paired with three Bayer pesticide application programs.
- The competitive corn system included one competitor corn product paired with a competitive pesticide application program.
- Table 1 contains details of the weed and disease control products used in the study, as well as the application timing when the products were applied.
- A total of 10 inches of sprinkler-irrigation was applied in addition to the 12 inches of rain received during the growing season.
- Fertility application included:
- 70 lb phosphorus/acre, 15 lb sulfur (S)/acre, and 27.5 lb nitrogen (N)/acre banded with strip till on 4/26/20,
- 100 lb N/acre applied with a streamer bar on 4/28/20, and
- 15 lb S/acre and 90 lb N/acre Y-drop applied with 360 Y-DROP® applicators on 6/26/20.
- Average yield of each corn system was calculated from shelled corn weight, moisture, and test weight.
UNDERSTANDING THE RESULTS
There were no significant yield differences between systems; however, the Bayer systems (Systems 1, 2, and 3) produced a higher average yield than the competitive system in the trial (Figure 1).
The highest average yield in this trial was from Corn System 1, which included two applications of Delaro® 325 SC fungicide applied at V5 and R1 growth stages.
Corn System 3 included a Delaro 325 SC fungicide application at VT growth stage. This system had slightly lower average yields than Corn System 1.
Corn System 2 was treated with Delaro 325 SC fungicide plus Corvus® herbicide at the VT growth stage. This system had the lowest average yield of the Bayer systems.
Evaluating complete systems of corn products, herbicides, and disease management tools can be difficult because there are a limited number of system combinations that can be addressed in a given trial.
The four systems researched here are all viable systems currently used in irrigated corn production.
There may be some value in multiple fungicide applications, as observed in Corn System 1.
Corn System 3 provided a good combination of corn, herbicide, and fungicide products that produced high average yields for this trial.
In summary, farmers should work with their local DEKALB® brand team member to identify which corn product, weed control option, and disease control option provides the best opportunity for success in a given field.